Is Go Used in Production more than Rust ?

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I was wondering if programs used in the real world are mostly written/built in Rust or Go? How to create a real world statistic to compare ?

Homebrew package manager ๐Ÿ”—

I found that Homebrew lists the dependencies of the package like this.

$ brew info eza
==> eza: stable 0.18.13 (bottled)
Modern, maintained replacement for ls
https://github.com/eza-community/eza
Not installed
From: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/blob/HEAD/Formula/e/eza.rb
License: MIT
==> Dependencies
Build: pandoc โœ˜, pkg-config โœ”, rust โœ˜
Required: libgit2 โœ˜
==> Analytics
install: 12,792 (30 days), 38,295 (90 days), 68,375 (365 days)
install-on-request: 12,790 (30 days), 38,293 (90 days), 68,375 (365 days)
build-error: 0 (30 days)

The dependencies of eza to build are pandoc, pkg-config and Rust. So, I can get all software packages in Homebrew and query every package to get its dependencies, then calculate the number of packages which depends on Go and others on Rust.

I was wondering if I should execute system commands of brew list and brew info <pkg-name>, but fortunately, Homebrew has a json file containing all Homebrew Core Formulae.

gobrew ๐Ÿ”—

So, I created a simple Go program named it “gobrew” to get the JSON API, then parse it, and count all Go-based software packages.

I made gobrew more general, so, you can use it to get the number of packages written in Ruby by this command gobrew -l ruby. You can specify any programming language or library or build system or runtime.

Statistics on April 26, 2024 ๐Ÿ”—

The number of packages written in Go is 957. The number of packages written in Rust is 524. That means Go is the most used in software distributed by Homebrew package manager for production by far.

$ ./gobrew -l go
957

$ ./gobrew -l rust
524

You can try it yourself via gobrew on GitHub .

Here is a chart to help distinguish the difference in the count of packages.

# of Homebrew Core formulae written in Go vs Rust

other programming languages ๐Ÿ”—

I used this command to count packages written in these programming languages for me.

$ ./gobrew -l zig
6

Here is a table of programming languages (I thought of) and their packages count.

Languagepkg count
[email protected]718
[email protected]67
lua47
ruby27
ocaml26
perl25
php20
cython12
Zig6

build systems & libraries & runtimes ๐Ÿ”—

I used the following command to count packages which use the build system or runtime to get build or run.

$ ./gobrew -l cmake
1011

Here is a table of build systems, libraries and runtimes (I thought of) and their packages count.

build system or runtimepkg count
pkg-config1447
cmake1011
autoconf455
automake435
libtool366
ninja253
meson213
node189
gcc75
python-setuptools75
llvm30
luajit22

Statistics over time (trend of usage) ๐Ÿ”—

We had the statistics on the past April. Here we add this May statistics (15 May 2024) for more clarity in the usage trend of programming languages.

Another update, on June 2nd 2024, I updated the following table with more statistics.

Update of June 12nd 2024. Count of Go apps (994) are 2X the count of Rust apps (540).

languageApril 26May 15June 2June 12
Go957981988994
Python771773777779
Rust524528534540
Node~202202203
Lua47515151
vala~484849
Ocaml~282828
Ruby27272930
Perl25252525
PHP20222222
Bash~222323
Erlang~151515
Cython20111111
Zig6666
scala~111
Nim~111
fish~~33

As you can see from the table, the rate of increase in programs written in Go is higher than any other language including Rust and Python.

my opinion ๐Ÿ”—

I think of Rust as a great language for low level programming such as operating system modules and device drivers. And I think of Go as the perfect backend programming language and CLI apps. I think that’s why Go is almost 2x more used to create apps distributed via Homebrew compared to Rust.

I think Go is more useful for most cases, but there are other specific cases suitable more for Rust and Zig (which I think will succeed and get popular ).

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