Remove Exact Frames vs Force 24 Fps

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Removing exact frames ๐Ÿ”—

Video is composed of too many images, images come and go. We call each of those images a frame. So, if the video plays 30 images in time of a second, we call it is 30 frame-per-second video. We recording videos, there are some scenes with less motion which makes two or more adjacent frames (images) exactly the same. So we can compress those two identical images as one image, and reduce the total size of the video.

We can accomplish removing exact frames from a video via too many tools/programs available online. In this blog post, we’ll use ffmpeg command line tool to remove exact frames from videos.

Force 24 FPS Video ๐Ÿ”—

We know that any video consists of some number of frames/images shown each second. So, we can remove redundant frames which human eye barely sees. 24 frames per second is pretty good as it is used in cinema movies.

We’ll use ffmpeg command line tool to force 24 fps and get rid of extra redundant images in the video.

Test Cases ๐Ÿ”—

We have too cases to apply the compression on.

1st case: online distributed movie ๐Ÿ”—

I have an online distributed movie downloaded as MP4 video file. So it is compressed and optimized by the film industry and/or online distribution company.

2nd case: screencast video ๐Ÿ”—

I recorded the screen of my laptop using Apple native application on Mac OS. The video file is saved as MOV file. So, this video file is not compressed.

what I did ๐Ÿ”—

I used this ffmpeg command to force the video to be 24 fps:

ffmpeg -i -filter:v fps=fps=24 output.mp4

And I used this ffmpeg command to remove exact frames from the video:

ffmpeg -i -vf mpdecimate,setpts=N/FRAME_RATE/TB output.mp4

And I used this ffmpeg command to compress the video:

ffmpeg -i -vcodec h264 -acodec aac output.mp4

And I used this ffmpeg command to heavily compress the video:

ffmpeg -i -c:v libx265 -preset veryfast -tag:v hvc1 -vf format=yuv420p -c:a copy output.mp4

And these are the results.

Compression Results ๐Ÿ”—

casesource24 fpsremoved exact framesbothcompressheavy compress
online distributed movie299 MB373 MB371 MB359 MB349 MB228 MB
screen recorded video88 MB7 MB4.8 MB4.6 MB10 MB9.2 MB

From the statistics in the above table, we know that trying to compress pre-compressed video files is a horrible task. Online distributed movies are well-optimized and compressed, so do not try to re-compress it as you will not succeed in the task.

From statistics too, you should use any method of lossless or lossy compression for recorded videos because you’ll accomplish a very good results and consume very little space in your storage media . I suggest forcing a 24fps video as a compression method. The 24fps video is really good for eyes and storage space at the same time.

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